Opera Scotland

Walküre Die Walküre; The Valkyrie

Tours by decade

1890s - 1 tour

1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 3 tours

1910 - Denhof Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1911 - Denhof Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1913 - Denhof Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 7 tours

1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - British National Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 1 tour

1959 - Royal Opera, Stockholm
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1960s - 1 tour

1966 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1970s - 3 tours

1971 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1972 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1976 - English National Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1980s - 1 tour

1990s - 1 tour

1991 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2000s - 4 tours

2001 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2002 - Edinburgh Players Opera Group
Concert performance
2003 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2009 - Edinburgh Players Opera Group
Concert performance

2010s - 7 tours

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 48 entries

1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1910 - Denhof Opera Company
Edinburgh
1911 - Denhof Opera Company
Glasgow
1913 - Denhof Opera Company
Edinburgh
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1927 - British National Opera Company
Glasgow
1927 - British National Opera Company
Dundee
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1959 - Royal Opera, Stockholm
Edinburgh
1966 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1966 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1966 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1971 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1971 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1976 - English National Opera
Glasgow
1981 - Scottish National Orchestra
Aberdeen
1981 - Scottish National Orchestra
Perth
1981 - Scottish National Orchestra
Edinburgh
1981 - Scottish National Orchestra
Glasgow
1991 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2001 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2001 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2002 - Edinburgh Players Opera Group
Edinburgh
2003 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2003 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2009 - Edinburgh Players Opera Group
Edinburgh
2010 - BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra (BBC SSO)
Glasgow
2010 - BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra (BBC SSO)
Edinburgh
2011 - Metropolitan Opera
Edinburgh
2011 - Metropolitan Opera
Aberdeen
2011 - Metropolitan Opera
Galashiels
2011 - Metropolitan Opera
Dundee
2011 - Metropolitan Opera
Glasgow
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Dunfermline
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Aberdeen
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Edinburgh
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Dundee
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Glasgow
2014 - Co-production
Berwick-upon-Tweed
2015 - Berwick Festival Opera
Berwick-upon-Tweed
2015 - Berwick Festival Opera
Perth
2016 - Dallas Symphony Orchestra
Edinburgh
2017 - Edinburgh International Festival
Edinburgh

England, UK - 10 entries

Music
Richard Wagner (born Leipzig, 2 March 1813; died Venice, 13 February 1883)

Text
The composer.

Source
Original, derived from Norse legend (text written 1851-2, music composed 1854-6).

 

Premières
First performance: Munich (Court Theatre), 26 June 1870.
First UK performance: London (Her Majesty’s Theatre, Haymarket), 6 May 1882.
First performance in Scotland: Glasgow (Theatre Royal), 12 November 1896.
Scottish Opera première: Glasgow (King’s Theatre), 13 May 1966.

 

Background
The Ring of the Nibelungs is a cycle of four dramas, described as taking place over three days with a preliminary evening. Die Walküre is the second drama, i.e. the first of the three days.

 

Characters
Siegmund (tenor)
Sieglinde, his sister, wife of Hunding (soprano)
Hunding (bass)
Wotan, leader of the gods (bass-baritone)
Fricka, his wife (mezzo-soprano)
Nine Valkyries, Wotan’s daughters by Erda:
Brünnhilde (soprano)
Gerhilde, Ortlinde, Helmwige (sopranos)
Waltraute, Schwertleite, Siegrune, Rossweisse, Grimgerde (mezzo-sopranos)

 

Plot Summary
The first act occurs in the forest home of Hunding and his wife Sieglinde. The hut is built round a huge ash tree. Siegmund, who believes he was orphaned as a child, and only knows his name to be Wälse (Woeful), rushes in to the deserted hut. He is fleeing from men he has been fighting. He and Sieglinde feel attracted to one another, but when Hunding arrives it is evident he is one of the men pursuing Siegmund. Rules of hospitality grant Siegmund shelter, but the pursuit will resume in the morning. Sieglinde drugs her husband, and she and Siegmund discover childhood memories in common – they are brother and sister. Sieglinde shows her brother a sword embedded in the tree, which Siegmund then draws. They run off into the forest.

Wotan argues with his wife Fricka. She, as goddess of marriage, is contemptuous of her husband’s persistent philandering. She reserves particular hatred for Brünnhilde, but the immediate object of her wrath is the incestuous relationship between Siegmund and Sieglinde, children of Wotan by a mortal woman. She demands that Hunding be permitted to kill Siegmund. Wotan eventually gives in. Brünnhilde tells Siegmund of his impending demise and is moved by his acceptance of the situation. She resolves to disobey Wotan and protect him, but Wotan intervenes in the fight, the sword is shattered and Siegmund killed, though the god immediately eliminates Hunding as well. Brünnhilde guides Sieglinde away from the site of this disaster.

The Valkyries assemble and Brünnhilde asks her sisters to help Sieglinde, who is pregnant. But when a furious Wotan arrives they abandon her. She sends Sieglinde away, telling her that she will have a son called Siegfried. Wotan condemns Brünnhilde to sleep on a rock until a man wakes her. She persuades him to make that man a fearless hero, and Wotan leaves her sleeping, surrounded by a ring of fire.

The Cast

Brünnhilde
 a Valkyrie
Fricka
 Wotan's estranged wife
Gerhilde
 a Valkyrie
Grimgerde
 a Valkyrie
Helmwige
 a Valkyrie
Hunding
 husband of Sieglinde
Ortlinde
 a Valkyrie
Rossweisse
 a Valkyrie
Schwertleite
 a Valkyrie
Sieglinde
 a Volsung, sister of Siegmund
Siegmund
 a Volsung
Siegrune
 a Valkyrie
Waltraute
 a Valkyrie
Wotan
 father of the Valkyries and Volsungs

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