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Salvadore Cammarano Suggest updates

Salvatore Cammarano.

Born Naples, 19 March 1801.

Died Naples, 17 July 1852.

Italian librettist.

Salvadore Cammarano (spelling of his first name varies frequently) was one of the most important Italian  librettists of his time, with an ability to edit existing literary work of quite a varied nature in a dramatically effective manner. His most notable output included Lucia di Lammermoor for Donizetti. His final work, not quite completed, was for Verdi's Il trovatore. He was the resident librettist at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples from 1835 until his death, and much of his work was done for that house.

His most notable collaboration was perhaps with Donizetti, spanning eight works: Lucia di Lammermoor (Naples 1935), Belisario (Venice 1836), L'assedio di Calais (Naples 1836), Pia de' Tolomei (Venice 1837), Roberto Devereux (Naples 1837), Maria de Rudenz (Venice 1838), Poliuto (1838, performed Naples 1848), and Maria di Rohan (Vienna 1843).

For Verdi he provided four texts, for Alzira (Naples 1845), La battaglia di Legnano (Rome 1849), Luisa Miller (Naples 1849) and Il trovatore (Rome 1853).

His nine  libretti for the successful Neapolitan Saverio Mercadante (1795-1870) were Elena da Feltre (Naples 1838), La vestale (Naples 1840), Il proscritto (Naples 1842), Il reggente (Turin 1843), Il Vascello de Gama (Naples 1845), Orazi e Curiazi (Naples 1846), Medea (Naples 1851), Virginia (1852, performed Naples 1866), and L'orfano di Brono (unfinished 1853).

For Giovanni Pacini (1796-1867) he wrote six: Saffo (Naples 1840), La fidanzata corsa (Naples 1842), Bondelmonte (Florence 1845), Stella di Napoli (Naples 1845), Merope (Naples 1847), and Malvina di Scozia (Naples 1851).

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