Opera Scotland

Maritana

Tours by decade

1860s - 1 tour

1869 - Corri's Grand English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1870s - 4 tours

1874 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1876 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1877 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1879 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1880s - 9 tours

1880 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1881 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1882 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1884 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1885 - Sydney Hill's Royal English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1885 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1887 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1889 - Dundee Amateur Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1889 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1890s - 13 tours

1890 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1890 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1891 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1891 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1891 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1895 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1898 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1898 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1899 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1900s - 8 tours

1902 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1905 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1906 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1906 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1909 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 11 tours

1911 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1914 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1918 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 9 tours

1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1930s - 4 tours

1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1935 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 2 tours

1952 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1957 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 102 entries

1869 - Corri's Grand English Opera Company
Aberdeen
1869 - Corri's Grand English Opera Company
Dundee
1874 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1876 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1877 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1877 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1877 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1877 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1879 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1879 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1879 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1880 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1881 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1881 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1882 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1882 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1884 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1885 - Sydney Hill's Royal English Opera Company
Aberdeen
1885 - Sydney Hill's Royal English Opera Company
Dundee
1885 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1887 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1889 - Dundee Amateur Opera Company
Dundee
1889 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1890 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Aberdeen
1890 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Dundee
1890 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Glasgow
1890 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1891 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Dundee
1891 - Arthur Rousbey's English Opera Company
Glasgow
1891 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1891 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1891 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1895 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1898 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1898 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1899 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Govan
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1902 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Govan
1902 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1905 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1906 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1906 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1906 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Glasgow
1906 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Aberdeen
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Dundee
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Glasgow
1911 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1914 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1918 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Aberdeen
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Perth
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1935 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1952 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Glasgow
1957 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Edinburgh

Music

William Vincent Wallace (born Waterford, 11 March 1812; died Vieuzos, Haute-Pyrenées, 12 October 1865)

Text

Edward Fitzball (1792-1873)

Source

Play Don César de Bazan (1844) by Adolphe-Philippe d'Ennery and Philippe Dumanoir

 

Premieres

First performance: London (Drury Lane), 15 November 1845.

First performance in Scotland: Edinburgh (), 15 December 1847.

Scottish Opera premiere: N/A.

 

Background

Maritana was second only to The Bohemian Girl in popularity among the range of "ballad operas" composed for British opera houses in the mid-nineteenth century. Like that work, it survived in professional performance until the Second World War. The music is tuneful and dramatically effective, but the libretto is of doubtful merit. The main plot device, whereby the hero wishes to marry on the eve of his execution, and is unconcerned as to the identity of the bride, was parodied by Gilbert in his plot for Sullivan's The Yeomen of the Guard.

 

Main Characters

Maritana, a young gypsy girl (soprano)

Don Caesar de Bazan (tenor)

Don José de Santarem (baritone)

Lazarillo, a young apprentice (mezzo-soprano)

Marchioness of Montefiore (mezzo-soprano)

Marquis of Montefiore (bass)

King of Spain (bass)

 

Plot Summary

Crowds gather in a Madrid square to listen to the singing of Maritana. The King, disguised, is lurking in the crowd, and gives the girl a gold coin as reward for her singing. He is seen by Don José, who has been looking for an opportunity to seduce the Queen, to which end evidence of the King's laxity should prove useful. To bring Maritana within range of the King again, he decides to promote her cause. Don Caesar, a feckless but good-natured aristocrat arrives and Don José decides to involve him in his plans. When Lazarillo runs in, having fled from his master, and pursued by the guards, Don Caesar allows him to escape by duelling with the Guard Captain and wounding him. Sadly, he has forgotten that in Holy Week duelling is banned, and the penalty is hanging. He is dragged off to prison, to the horror of all except Don José. In prison, Don Caesar and Lazarillo share a cell, and the boy laments his rescuer's fate, only a few hours away. Don Caesar comforts him, since only his creditors will lament his passing. When Don José visits them, he offers a solution to Don Caesar's dislike of being hanged instead of shot. The solution is for Don Caesar to marry an anonymous veiled lady. That done, Don José will ensure the execution is by firing squad. Don José's plans are working. He has persuaded Maritana to be the anonymous bride, and she will soon be a newly-ennobled widow, far more alluring to the King's roving eye. He also conceals the fact that he has intercepted a royal pardon issued by the King in favour of Don Caesar. While the firing squad are having a pre-execution drink with their victim and his bride, Lazarillo quietly substitutes blanks for the rifle bullets. Later on, in the Montefiore palace, the King, disguised again, attempts his wooing of Maritana, now a widowed Countess. Don José interrupts, promising the King a better opportunity later on. Left alone, he is horrified when a monk enters through the window, even more so when the spectral figure turns out to be a ghost he recognizes, Don Caesar, who, having survived his execution, is now seeking his wife. He recognizes the voice of the lady singing next door and now meets her. Maritana is completely confused, and as Don Caesar is taken back to prison, she is led off to meet the King. Maritana laments the separation from her new husband. The King now meets Don Caesar, who discovers that he had been pardoned. When Maritana comes in the couple have a touching reunion. In a final burst of activity Don Caesar foils further plotting by Don José and kills him. After the king cheerfully issues a second pardon for this new offence, he gives Don Caesar a new government appointment, and all ends happily. 

The Cast

Alcade
 
Captain
 of the Guard
Charles II
 King of Spain
Dancer
 
Don Caesar de Bazan
 
Don José de Santarem
 
Lazarillo
 a poor apprentice
Marchioness
 of Montefiore
Maritana
 a gitana
Marquis
 of Montefiore
Old Man
 
Soldier
 

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