Opera Scotland

Traviata La Traviata; The Fallen Woman

Tours by decade

1850s - 2 tours

1857 - Mr Beale's Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1858 - Mr Wyndham's Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1860s - 1 tour

1880s - 1 tour

1882 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1890s - 2 tours

1890 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1893 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 2 tours

1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 3 tours

1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1930s - 4 tours

1935 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1940s - 11 tours

1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 11 tours

1950 - Covent Garden Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1951 - Covent Garden Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1953 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1954 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1954 - Dundee Operatic Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1957 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1958 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1960s - 5 tours

1961 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1964 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1967 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1969 - Scottish Opera for All
Fully staged, piano accompaniment

1970s - 10 tours

1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1970 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1971 - Scottish Opera for All
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1971 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1973 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1974 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1976 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1979 - Tayside Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1979 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1979 - Kent Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1980s - 2 tours

1981 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1989 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1990s - 3 tours

1992 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1996 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1998 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2000s - 9 tours

2001 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2002 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2002 - English Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2003 - Glyndebourne on Tour
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2008 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2009 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Broadcast TV
2009 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2010s - 18 tours

2010 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Cinema Screening
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Cinema Screening
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2012 - Tayside Opera
Concert performance
2012 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
2013 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2013 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2014 - Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Cinema Screening
2015 - Heritage Opera
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2017 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2017 - Haddo House Choral & Operatic Society
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2017 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Cinema Screening
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2018 - Opera Allegra
Other
2018 - Tayside Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2019 - Fife Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 204 entries

1857 - Mr Beale's Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1857 - Mr Beale's Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1858 - Mr Wyndham's Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1867 - Madame Lancia's Grand English Opera Company
Glasgow
1882 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1890 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1890 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1893 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Aberdeen
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1935 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1935 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1950 - Covent Garden Opera
Edinburgh
1951 - Covent Garden Opera
Edinburgh
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1953 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1953 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1953 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Aberdeen
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Dundee Operatic Society
Dundee
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1954 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Aberdeen
1954 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1957 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1957 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Dundee
1957 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1958 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1958 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Dundee
1958 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1958 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1961 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1961 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1961 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Dundee
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1964 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Glasgow
1967 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1967 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1969 - Scottish Opera for All
Perth
1969 - Scottish Opera for All
Oban, Argyll
1969 - Scottish Opera for All
Forfar
1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Dundee
1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Duns, Berwickshire
1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Perth
1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Arbroath
1970 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1971 - Scottish Opera
Perth
1971 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1971 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1971 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1971 - Scottish Opera for All
Kinross-shire
1973 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1974 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1974 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1974 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1976 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Glasgow
1979 - Tayside Opera
Dundee
1979 - Scottish Opera
Dumbarton
1979 - Kent Opera
Edinburgh
1981 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1981 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1989 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
1992 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1992 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1996 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1996 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1996 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
1996 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1998 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1998 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1998 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2001 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2001 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2002 - English Touring Opera
Perth
2002 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Dundee
2003 - Glyndebourne on Tour
Edinburgh
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Dundee
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Edinburgh
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Glasgow
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2008 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2008 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2008 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2008 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2009 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2009 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Aberdeen
2010 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Perth
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Galashiels
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Aberdeen
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Glasgow
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Dundee
2012 - Metropolitan Opera
Edinburgh
2012 - Tayside Opera
Dundee
2012 - Tayside Opera
Brechin, Angus
2012 - Scottish Opera
Giffnock, Glasgow
2012 - Scottish Opera
Stirling
2012 - Scottish Opera
Fort William
2012 - Scottish Opera
Plockton, Ross-shire
2012 - Scottish Opera
Portree, Isle of Skye
2012 - Scottish Opera
Strathpeffer
2012 - Scottish Opera
St Andrews
2012 - Scottish Opera
Aboyne, Aberdeenshire
2012 - Scottish Opera
Drumnadrochit, Inverness-shire
2012 - Scottish Opera
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
2012 - Scottish Opera
Lerwick, Shetland
2012 - Scottish Opera
Kirkwall, Orkney
2012 - Scottish Opera
Thurso, Caithness
2012 - Scottish Opera
Ullapool
2012 - Scottish Opera
Stornoway, Lewis
2012 - Scottish Opera
Nairn
2012 - Scottish Opera
Easterhouse
2012 - Scottish Opera
Galashiels
2012 - Scottish Opera
Pitlochry
2012 - Scottish Opera
Greenock
2012 - Scottish Opera
Newton Stewart
2012 - Scottish Opera
Langholm
2012 - Scottish Opera
Largs, Ayrshire
2012 - Scottish Opera
Musselburgh, East Lothian
2012 - Scottish Opera
Perth
2013 - Scottish Opera
Dundee
2013 - Scottish Opera
Kelso
2013 - Scottish Opera
Dumfries
2013 - Scottish Opera
Elgin, Moray
2013 - Scottish Opera
Oban, Argyll
2013 - Scottish Opera
Dunfermline
2013 - Scottish Opera
Hamilton
2013 - Scottish Opera
Troon
2013 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Edinburgh
2014 - Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Aberdeen
2014 - Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Dundee
2014 - Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Edinburgh
2014 - Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Glasgow
2015 - Heritage Opera
Ayr
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Strathpeffer
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Lossiemouth
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Aberdeen
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Helensburgh
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Crail
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Dumfries
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Lanark
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Greenock
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Ayr
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Edinburgh
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Kirkcaldy
2016 - Opera Bohemia
Glasgow
2017 - Haddo House Choral & Operatic Society
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
2017 - Royal Opera, Covent Garden
Aberdeen
2017 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2017 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2017 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2017 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2018 - Tayside Opera
Brechin, Angus
2018 - Tayside Opera
St Andrews
2018 - Tayside Opera
Dundee
2018 - Opera Allegra
Edinburgh
2019 - Fife Opera
Kirkcaldy

England, UK - 13 entries

1970 - Scottish Opera for All
Harrogate
1971 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1971 - Scottish Opera
Liverpool
1974 - Scottish Opera
Sunderland
1974 - Scottish Opera
Oxford
1981 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1981 - Scottish Opera
Liverpool
1989 - Scottish Opera
Liverpool
1989 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1992 - Scottish Opera
Bradford
1992 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1996 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1998 - Scottish Opera
Sunderland

Northern Ireland, UK - 1 entry

Music
Giuseppe Verdi (born Busseto, 10 October 1813; died Milan, 27 January 1901)

Text
Francesco Maria Piave.

Source
Play La dame aux camélias (1852) by Alexandre Dumas, fils (1824-95).

Premières
First performance: Venice (Teatro la Fenice), 12 March 1853.
First UK performance: London (Her Majesty’s Theatre, Haymarket), 24 May 1856.
First performance in Scotland: Glasgow (Theatre Royal), 20 February 1857.
Scottish Opera première: Edinburgh (Royal Lyceum Theatre), 12 December 1970.

Background
This opera met with mixed success at its premiere in Venice, but the following year, at a different Venetian theatre, and after minor changes, it gained a degree of success that has not deserted it since. It remains one of the most popular operas in the entire Italian repertoire. The subject matter was considered controversial at the time, and initially the contemporary setting was abandoned in favour of one in the early 18th century. However it took only a few years for the original scenario to be accepted everywhere.

Characters
Violetta Valéry, a courtesan (soprano)
Baron Douphol (baritone)
Doctor Grenvil (bass)
Flora Bervoix, Violetta’s friend (soprano)
Marquis d’Obigny (baritone)
Gaston, Vicomte de Letorières (tenor)
Alfredo Germont (tenor)
Annina, Violetta’s maid (mezzo-soprano)
Giuseppe, Violetta’s servant (tenor)
Giorgio Germont, Alfredo’s father (baritone)

Plot Summary
The opera, set in mid-19th century Paris, opens at a party in Violetta’s house. Gaston introduces her to a new arrival in Paris from Provence, Alfredo, who is immediately attracted to her. She is aware that her health is fragile, and she chooses to grab a last chance at happiness by escaping from Paris with him and living in the country. A few months later, by which time her money is running out, she receives an unexpected visitor. This is Alfredo’s father, who has come to town to disentangle his son from such an unsuitable affair. Violetta reluctantly agrees to leave Alfredo, so that his sister may make a suitable marriage that is currently under threat. The method she chooses is to accept an invitation from Flora to another party that evening. She returns to her old protector, Baron Douphol. Alfredo goes to the party, determined to denounce what he sees as Violetta’s unfaithfulness. As he does this, he is interrupted by his father, who also turns up at the party, but does not explain the true circumstances of the change. The final act occurs several months later. Violetta’s health has collapsed and all her money has gone. Alfredo, advised by his father of the reasons for Violetta’s conduct, returns to Paris just in time to witness her death from consumption. His father expresses his regret at having undervalued the woman so seriously.

RECORDINGS

DECCA (2 CDs) Sung in Italian Recorded 1994

Conductor: Georg Solti
Orchestra of Royal Opera House
Angela Gheorghiu (Violetta), Frank Lopardo (Alfredo), Leo Nucci (Germont).

This live recording was rushed out to follow the new production by Richard Eyre, directing opera for the first time. Angela Gheorghiu gives a wonderfully detailed and varied performance as Violetta and the men back her up well. Solti was apparently conducting Traviata for the first time in his life, and he does not drive Verdi’s music as hard as he sometimes had previously. The small roles feature reliable artists such as Leah-Marian Jones, Gillian Knight, Robin Leggate and Richard Van Allan.

DG (2 CDs) Sung in Italian Recorded 1977

Conductor: Carlos Kleiber
Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
Ileana Cotrubas (Violetta), Plácido Domingo (Alfredo), Sherrill Milnes (Germont).

Cotrubas was one of the best Violettas of her generation. She was a wonderfully subtle actor, and sings with great delicacy when required. Domingo sings with astonishing lightness of touch, given that he was already singing Otello regularly by this time. The overwhelming reason for this set's greatness is the contribution of Carlos Kleiber. The first party scene starts at an absolutely feverish pace, reflecting Violetta’s condition, and the tension does not relax. The cuts which some theatres still employed as a matter of course are even more annoying in this context.

CHANDOS (2 CDs) Sung in English Recorded 1981

Conductor: Charles Mackerras Orchestra of English National Opera Valerie Masterson (Violetta), John Brecknock (Alfredo), Christian du Plessis (baritone).

John Copley’s production of Traviata initially featured the magnetic Violetta of Josephine Barstow. She was not the only great Violetta in the ENO company at the time, and Valerie Masterson’s voice sounds beautiful, and her English diction, after several years at the outset of her career singing Gilbert and Sullivan, is clear. John Brecknock and Christian du Plessis are also excellent. Sound company regulars such as Della Jones, Shelagh Squires, John Gibbs and Roderick Earle take minor roles. Charles Mackerras is a wonderfully vivid conductor of Verdi. Again there are some cuts to the text.

MYTO (2 CDs) Sung in Italian Recorded 1958

Conductor: Nicola Rescigno
Orchestra of Royal Opera House
Maria Callas (Violetta), Cesare Valletti (Alfredo), Mario Zanasi (Germont).

Several live performances by Callas have been issued, and they all have good points as well as serious disadvantages, particularly of recording quality and theatrical cuts. Valletti is a charming Alfredo.

The Cast

Alfredo Germont
 Gaston's friend
Annina
 Violetta's maid
Baron Douphol
 Violetta's protector, a rival of Alfredo
Commissar
 in Flora's household
Dancer
 
Doctor Grenvil
 
Flora Bervoix
 Violetta's friend
Gaston
 Vicomte de Letorières, a man about town
Giorgio Germont
 Alfredo's father
Gipsy
 
Giuseppe
 Violetta's servant
Marquis d' Obigny
 
Messenger
 
Servant
 in Flora's household
Violetta Valéry
 a courtesan

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