Opera Scotland

Madama Butterfly Madam Butterfly; Madame Butterfly

Tours by decade

1900s - 3 tours

1907 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 6 tours

1911 - Quinlan Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1916 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 11 tours

1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1922 - British National Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - British National Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1930s - 6 tours

1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1938 - Covent Garden English Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1940s - 11 tours

1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1944 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 10 tours

1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1950 - Covent Garden Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1952 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1955 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1958 - Touring Opera 58
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1959 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1960s - 11 tours

1960 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1962 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1965 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1965 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1966 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1966 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1967 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1968 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1968 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1969 - Scottish Opera
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1970s - 3 tours

1973 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1976 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1978 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1980s - 2 tours

1980 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1987 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1990s - 4 tours

1990 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1991 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1994 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1995 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2000s - 8 tours

2000 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2001 - Chisinau National Opera, Moldova
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2002 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2003 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2006 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2007 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2010s - 16 tours

2011 - Royal Opera
Cinema Screening
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2012 - Opera Bohemia
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2014 - Scottish Opera
Pre-show Talk
2014 - Scottish Opera
Opera Unwrapped
2014 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2014 - Opera à la Carte
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Fully staged, piano accompaniment
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2015 - Company Natalie Cornille
Other
2016 - Russian State Opera, Komi
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2017 - Opera Bohemia
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2020s - 2 tours

2020 - Ellen Kent Productions
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2020 - Russian National Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 220 entries

1907 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1907 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Glasgow
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Glasgow
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Aberdeen
1908 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Dundee
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Glasgow
1911 - Quinlan Opera Company
Glasgow
1916 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Aberdeen
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Edinburgh
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Aberdeen
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Perth
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1922 - British National Opera Company
Edinburgh
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Perth
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1927 - British National Opera Company
Glasgow
1927 - British National Opera Company
Edinburgh
1927 - British National Opera Company
Aberdeen
1927 - British National Opera Company
Dundee
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1938 - Covent Garden English Opera
Edinburgh
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1941 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1942 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1943 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1944 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1944 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1948 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1949 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1950 - Covent Garden Opera
Edinburgh
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1952 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1955 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1958 - Touring Opera 58
Aberdeen
1959 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1959 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Dundee
1959 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1960 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1960 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Dundee
1962 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1965 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1965 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1965 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1965 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1966 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1966 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1966 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1966 - Scottish Opera
Stranraer, Wigtownshire
1966 - Scottish Opera
Troon
1966 - Scottish Opera
Forfar
1966 - Scottish Opera
Brora
1966 - Scottish Opera
Moffat
1967 - Scottish Opera
Cumnock
1967 - Scottish Opera
Pitlochry
1968 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1968 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1968 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1973 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1973 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1976 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1978 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1980 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1987 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1987 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1990 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1990 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
1990 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1990 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1991 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1991 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1991 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1994 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1994 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1995 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1995 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2000 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2000 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2001 - Chisinau National Opera, Moldova
Dundee
2002 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2002 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2002 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2002 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2003 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Dundee
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Edinburgh
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Aberdeen
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Dundee
2005 - Ukrainian National Opera, Odessa
Glasgow
2006 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
2006 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2006 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2007 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2007 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2007 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2008 - Ellen Kent Productions
Dundee
2011 - Royal Opera
Aberdeen
2011 - Royal Opera
Edinburgh
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Aberdeen
2012 - Ellen Kent Productions
Dundee
2012 - Opera Bohemia
Edinburgh
2012 - Opera Bohemia
Kirkcaldy
2012 - Opera Bohemia
Glasgow
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Banchory, Kincardineshire
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Lossiemouth
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Strathpeffer
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Peebles
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Greenock
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Dundee
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Linlithgow
2013 - Opera Bohemia
Dunkeld
2014 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2014 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2014 - Opera à la Carte
Dumfries
2014 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2014 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2014 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2014 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2014 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2014 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2014 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2014 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2014 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2014 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Stranraer, Wigtownshire
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Ayr
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Bathgate
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Crail
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Dunfermline
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Lanark
2014 - Opera Bohemia
Haddington
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2015 - Ellen Kent Productions
Dundee
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Isle of Skye
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Fort William
2015 - Company Natalie Cornille
Edinburgh
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Edinburgh
2015 - Opera Bohemia
Falkirk
2016 - Russian State Opera, Komi
Dunfermline
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2018 - Ellen Kent Productions
Dundee
2020 - Ellen Kent Productions
Dundee
2020 - Ellen Kent Productions
Edinburgh
2020 - Ellen Kent Productions
Glasgow
2020 - Russian National Opera
Dunfermline

England, UK - 20 entries

1966 - Scottish Opera
Workington, Cumbria
1966 - Scottish Opera
Whitehaven, Cumbria
1966 - Scottish Opera
Darlington
1966 - Scottish Opera
Richmond, North Yorkshire
1967 - Scottish Opera
Lincoln
1967 - Scottish Opera
Crewe
1969 - Scottish Opera
Crowthorne, West Berkshire
1973 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1973 - Scottish Opera
Leeds
1973 - Scottish Opera
Wolverhampton
1987 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1990 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1991 - Scottish Opera
Birmingham
1991 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1994 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1995 - Scottish Opera
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
2007 - Scottish Opera
Stoke-on-Trent
2017 - Opera Bohemia
Ely
2017 - Opera Bohemia
Honor Oak Park, London
2017 - Opera Bohemia
Bakewell, Derbyshire

Northern Ireland, UK - 3 entries

Music
Giacomo Puccini (born Lucca, 22 December 1858; died Brussels, 29 November 1924)

Text
Giuseppe Giacosa & Luigi Illica

Source
Play Madame Butterfly (1900) by David Belasco (American 1853-1931), and a story by John Luther Long.

Premières
First performance: Milan (Teatro alla Scala), 17 February 1904.
Revised version: Brescia (Teatro Grande), 28 May 1904.
First UK performance: London (Covent Garden), 10 July 1905.
First performance in Scotland: Edinburgh (Royal Lyceum Theatre), 9 October 1907.
Scottish Opera première: Glasgow (King's Theatre), 5 June 1962.

Background
Giacomo Puccini is the only Italian opera composer after Verdi to have established a consistent pattern of producing more than one or two enduringly successful works. His family stretched back several generations as composers of church music. However Puccini decided that his own future lay with opera. For his fourth piece, La Boheme, he at last found a pair of writers willing and able to do as he required, and Boheme and their next two collaborations, Tosca and Madama Butterfly soon became among the most popular operatic works in existence. However Butterfly had a sticky start, requiring editing before it reached its final successful form. It is now recognised as a masterly example of how Puccini invests his work with a highly emotional sense of tragedy, while managing to avoid the trap of over-sentimentality.

Main Characters
Lieut. F B Pinkerton, U S Navy (tenor)
Goro, a marriage broker (tenor)
Suzuki, Cio-Cio-San’s companion (mezzo-soprano)
Sharpless, U S Consul in Nagasaki (baritone)
Cio-Cio-San, a geisha, known as Butterfly (soprano)
The Bonze, Cio-Cio-San’s uncle (bass)
Prince Yamadori (baritone)
Kate Pinkerton (soprano)

Plot Summary
The setting is the Japanese port of Nagasaki, late nineteenth century.

Pinkerton, on a courtesy visit with his ship, has arranged a marriage with a local girl known as Butterfly. He considers it to be nothing more than a holiday romance, while his new wife is far more idealistic and committed to it. Butterfly’s maid Suzuki, and Pinkerton’s guide, the American resident Consul, both look on appalled and helpless as the tragedy unfolds. Butterfly is ostracized by her high-caste family, led by her uncle, and when Pinkerton returns to sea, she is left alone but for Suzuki, and pregnant.

Butterfly settles down to await her husband’s return, rejecting eligible proposals of marriage and being gradually reduced to poverty. When Pinkerton eventually comes back, three years have passed, and he brings with him his new American wife. He proposes to take his Japanese son back to the USA. Butterfly, heartbroken, kills herself.

The Cast

Aunt
 
Bonze
 a priest, Cio-Cio-San's uncle
Cio-Cio-San
 known as Madam Butterfly
Cousin
 
First Cousin
 
Goro
 marriage broker
Imperial Commissioner
 
Kate Pinkerton
 
Lieutenant F B Pinkerton
 U S Navy
Mother
 
Official Registrar
 
Prince Yamadori
 
Second Cousin
 
Sharpless
 U S Consul in Nagasaki
Suzuki
 Cio-Cio-San's servant
Uncle Yakuside
 

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