Opera Scotland

Cavalleria Rusticana Rustic Chivalry

Tours by decade

1890s - 10 tours

1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1893 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1894 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1895 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1898 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1898 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1899 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1900s - 5 tours

1905 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1907 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1909 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 12 tours

1910 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1910 - Castellano Grand Italian Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1911 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1915 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 11 tours

1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1925 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1930s - 5 tours

1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1940s - 6 tours

1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1949 - Dundee Operatic Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 11 tours

1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1955 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1955 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1956 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1957 - Dundee Operatic Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1957 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1958 - Touring Opera 58
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1960s - 1 tour

1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1970s - 2 tours

1972 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1973 - Tayside Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1980s - 2 tours

1980 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1989 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1990s - 3 tours

1991 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1996 - Tayside Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1999 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2000s - 2 tours

2007 - Haddo House Choral & Operatic Society
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2009 - Opera Camerata
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2010s - 3 tours

2012 - Scottish Opera
Concert performance
2014 - Festival Euro Mediterraneo
Cinema Screening
2019 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2020s - 1 tour

2020 - Scottish Opera
Concert performance

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 168 entries

1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1892 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1893 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1893 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1894 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1894 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1895 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1896 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1897 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1898 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1898 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1898 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1899 - J W Turner's English Opera Company
Dundee
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1899 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1905 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1907 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1908 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Aberdeen
1909 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1909 - Moody-Manners Opera Company
Dundee
1909 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1910 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1910 - Castellano Grand Italian Opera
Aberdeen
1910 - Castellano Grand Italian Opera
Dundee
1911 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1911 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1912 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1915 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Dundee
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1918 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1920 - O'Mara Grand Opera Company
Aberdeen
1920 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1921 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Perth
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1922 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Greenock
1923 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1924 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1925 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1926 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1927 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1928 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1929 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1930 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1934 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1937 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1938 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1939 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1940 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1944 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1945 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1946 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1947 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1949 - Dundee Operatic Society
Dundee
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1950 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1951 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1952 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1954 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1955 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1955 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1955 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1956 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Glasgow
1956 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1956 - Iskoldoff Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1957 - Dundee Operatic Society
Dundee
1957 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1958 - Touring Opera 58
Glasgow
1958 - Touring Opera 58
Aberdeen
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1972 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1973 - Tayside Opera
Dundee
1980 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Edinburgh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1989 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Ayr
1989 - Scottish Opera
Falkirk
1989 - Scottish Opera
Galashiels
1989 - Scottish Opera
Pitlochry
1989 - Scottish Opera
Campbeltown
1989 - Scottish Opera
Beith
1989 - Scottish Opera
Arran
1989 - Scottish Opera
Ballachulish, Argyll
1989 - Scottish Opera
North Connel, Argyll
1989 - Scottish Opera
Portree, Isle of Skye
1989 - Scottish Opera
Tobermory
1989 - Scottish Opera
Acharacle
1989 - Scottish Opera
Armadale, Isle of Skye
1989 - Scottish Opera
Dunvegan, Isle of Skye
1989 - Scottish Opera
Poolewe
1989 - Scottish Opera
Lochcarron, Ross-shire
1989 - Scottish Opera
Ullapool
1989 - Scottish Opera
Lochinver
1989 - Scottish Opera
Lairg, Sutherland
1989 - Scottish Opera
Kirkwall, Orkney
1989 - Scottish Opera
Cromarty
1989 - Scottish Opera
Kingussie
1989 - Scottish Opera
Kyle of Lochalsh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Fort Augustus
1989 - Scottish Opera
Aboyne, Aberdeenshire
1989 - Scottish Opera
Helensburgh
1989 - Scottish Opera
Peebles
1989 - Scottish Opera
Paisley
1989 - Scottish Opera
Dumfries
1989 - Scottish Opera
Fort William
1989 - Scottish Opera
Dundee
1989 - Scottish Opera
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
1989 - Scottish Opera
Brora
1989 - Scottish Opera
Thurso, Caithness
1991 - Glasgow Grand Opera Society
Glasgow
1996 - Tayside Opera
Dundee
1999 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Edinburgh
2007 - Haddo House Choral & Operatic Society
Ellon, Aberdeenshire
2009 - Opera Camerata
Edinburgh
2012 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2014 - Festival Euro Mediterraneo
Edinburgh
2019 - Edinburgh Grand Opera
Edinburgh
2020 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh

Music
Pietro Mascagni (born Livorno, 7 December 1863; died Rome, 2 August 1945)

Text
Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti and Guido Menasci.

Source
Play (1883) by Giovanni Verga (1840-1922).

Premières
First performance: Rome (Teatro Costanzi), 17 May 1890.
First UK performance: London (Shaftesbury Theatre), 19 October 1891.
First performance in Scotland: Glasgow (Theatre Royal), 26 April 1892.
Scottish Opera première: Glasgow (New Athenaeum Theatre), 26 August 1989.

Background
It is generally known that Mascagni is regarded as a one-work composer. While he went on to compose several competently produced operas, none of them have had anything approaching the success of this one act drama. Mascagni submitted it to the publisher Sonzogno as a competition entry, and it was one of three winners, and by far the most successful in performance. It quickly spread round the world. It contains several justifiably popular moments, including a choral set piece, the Easter Hymn, sung as the villagers assemble for the celebration, and an orchestral intermezzo played to an empty stage, while the service is taking place, and before the crisis develops,

The great difficulty this opera produced for managements was the lack of a second piece to pair with it. Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci arrived in 1892 and was swiftly found to be a near-ideal companion. Until then, strange things had happened. For instance when the Carl Rosa company took it on tour in 1892 they wanted a curtain-raiser, and used variously Bizet’s Djamileh, or the second act of Maritana or of Faust – a very strange idea to modern eyes.

Main Characters
Santuzza, a village girl (soprano)
Mamma Lucia, the innkeeper, Turiddu’s mother (mezzo-soprano)
Alfio, the village carter (baritone)
Turiddu, a young soldier (tenor)
Lola, Alfio’s wife (mezzo-soprano)

Plot Summary
The setting is a peasant community in late 19th century Sicily on Easter morning. Santuzza is pregnant by her lover Turiddu, and has been excommunicated as a result. Turiddu is a soldier, and son to the village innkeeper, Mamma Lucia. He, however, has abandoned Santuzza and recommenced an affair with Lola, who had been his lover some time earlier. During his absence in the army, she had married the muleteer Alfio. Most of the villagers enter church for the Easter service. Santuzza waits for Turiddu and when he arrives she begs him to come back to her. However Lola now arrives, and when she enters the church, Turiddu goes too. Santuzza is thrown into a jealous rage by this, so when Alfio arrives she tells him all about his wife’s adultery. After the church service ends, the villagers gather in the main square. Alfio challenges Turiddu to a fight, and they go out behind the church, where Turiddu is killed.

RECORDINGS

SONY (1 CD) Sung in Italian Recorded 1974
Conductor: James Levine
National Philharmonic Orchestra
Renata Scotto (Santuzza), Placido Domingo (Turiddu), Pablo Elvira (Alfio)

This old RCA recording was well regarded when it first came out, and it still sounds excellent. Levine went on to become a long-term fixture at the Met, and this is essentially a New York cast, though recorded in London. Scotto had suffered years of neglect by the recording companies, but she was a great singing actress and her Santuzza is one of the best. They did not neglect her again. Domingo also gives a wonderful performance, and this cast is probably better than that assembled for his later recording. Pablo Elvira seems to have had a brief career, but the qualities shown here make you question why.

EMI, NAXOS, etc (1 CD or 2 CDs incl Pagliacci) Sung in Italian Recorded 1953

Conductor: Tullio Serafin.
Orchestra of La Scala Milan
Maria Callas (Santuzza), Giuseppe di Stefano (Turiddu), Roland Panerai (Alfio).

For many, despite the elderly recording, this performance is still valued for the contribution of Callas. The detail of characterisation is always illuminating. Di Stefano wears his heart on his sleeve, which is right for Turiddu, and a young baritone, Panerai, whose career went on for decades, is a good Alfio.

DG (1 CD) Sung in Italian Recorded 1966

Conductor: Herbert von Karajan. Orchestra of La Scala Milan Fiorenza Cossotto (Santuzza), Carlo Bergonzi (Turiddu), Gian Giacomo Guelfi (Alfio).

This classic set still sounds good, and the singing is excellent, Bergonzi in particular. Guelfi is a powerfully dramatic Alfio. Cossotto was unusual at the time as a mezzo recording this soprano role, but that is now quite common. Karajan produces a beautiful tone from the orchestra, though it still has plenty of red blood.

DIVINE ART (2CDs incl Pagliacci) Sung in English Recorded 1927

Conductor: Aylmer Buesst. Orchestra of BNOC May Blyth (Santuzza), Heddle Nash (Turiddu), Harold Williams (Alfio).

This is a fascinating example of vintage opera performance. The British National Opera Company operated from 1922 to 1929, playing in London as well as touring the country. They visited all four Scottish cities, with a repertoire that included large-scale Wagner and Verdi pieces and some quite unusual repertoire. To judge from these recordings of the ‘twins’ the standard of performance was high. Chorus singing is lively. Perhaps their words could be clearer, but then the translation does sound very dated. The soloists are all good. Heddle Nash was a famous tenor with a long and varied career, particularly remembered for oratorio. You can hear every word from him, and it is good to be reminded that he studied in Italy. May Blyth was a leading soprano singing roles like Aida and Mozart’s Countess. The Australian baritone Harold Williams was another excellent and versatile singer. All three project their words with great clarity.

The Cast

Alfio
 the village carter
Lola
 Alfio’s wife
Mamma Lucia
 the innkeeper, Turiddu’s mother
Santuzza
 a village girl
Turiddu
 a young soldier

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