Opera Scotland

Magic Flute Die Zauberflöte; Il Flauto Magico

Tours by decade

1860s - 1 tour

1869 - Italian Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1870s - 2 tours

1873 - Her Majesty's Italian Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1874 - Her Majesty's Italian Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1910s - 7 tours

1913 - Denhof Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1914 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1919 - Beecham Grand Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1920s - 2 tours

1923 - British National Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1927 - British National Opera Company
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1950s - 2 tours

1952 - Hamburg State Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1956 - Hamburg State Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1960s - 5 tours

1962 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1966 - Stuttgart State Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1967 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1970s - 8 tours

1970 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1971 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1971 - Glyndebourne Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1974 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1974 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1976 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1977 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1979 - Welsh National Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1980s - 4 tours

1983 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1983 - Hamburg State Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1985 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1988 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

1990s - 4 tours

1990 - Glyndebourne Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1992 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1993 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
1998 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2000s - 7 tours

2001 - Aix-en-Provence Festival Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2001 - English Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2003 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2004 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2006 - Edinburgh International Festival
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2009 - English Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2009 - Shadwell Opera, University of Cambridge
Fully Staged with Orchestra

2010s - 15 tours

2010 - Shadwell Opera, University of Cambridge
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2012 - Royal Conservatoire of Scotland
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2012 - Scottish Opera
Opera Unwrapped
2012 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2012 - Aberdeen University Opera Society
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2013 - Opera Camerata
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2014 - Aria Alba - Opera for All
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2014 - English Touring Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2015 - Komische Oper, Berlin
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2015 - Edinburgh Studio Opera
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2016 - St Andrews Voices
Other
2017 - Ayrshire Opera Experience
Fully Staged, reduced orchestration
2017 - Fife Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra
2017 - Perthshire Opera
Other
2019 - Scottish Opera
Fully Staged with Orchestra

Tours by location

Scotland, UK - 104 entries

1869 - Italian Opera Company
Edinburgh
1873 - Her Majesty's Italian Opera
Edinburgh
1874 - Her Majesty's Italian Opera
Glasgow
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Aberdeen
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Dundee
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1913 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1913 - Denhof Opera Company
Edinburgh
1914 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1914 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1915 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Edinburgh
1916 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1917 - Carl Rosa Opera Company
Glasgow
1919 - Beecham Grand Opera Company
Glasgow
1923 - British National Opera Company
Glasgow
1927 - British National Opera Company
Edinburgh
1942 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1952 - Covent Garden Opera
Glasgow
1952 - Hamburg State Opera
Edinburgh
1956 - Hamburg State Opera
Edinburgh
1962 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1962 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1962 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1963 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1966 - Stuttgart State Opera
Edinburgh
1967 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Edinburgh
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Aberdeen
1969 - Sadler's Wells Opera
Glasgow
1970 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1970 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1970 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1971 - Scottish Opera
Perth
1971 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1971 - Glyndebourne Touring Opera
Edinburgh
1971 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1974 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1974 - Scottish Opera
Dundee
1974 - Scottish Opera
Elgin, Moray
1974 - Scottish Opera
Oban, Argyll
1974 - Scottish Opera
Kelso
1974 - Scottish Opera
Perth
1974 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1974 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1974 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1976 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1977 - Scottish Opera
Kirkcaldy
1977 - Scottish Opera
Dundee
1977 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1979 - Welsh National Opera
Glasgow
1983 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1983 - Hamburg State Opera
Edinburgh
1985 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1985 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1985 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1988 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1988 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1988 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
1990 - Glyndebourne Touring Opera
Glasgow
1992 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1993 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1993 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1998 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
1998 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
1998 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2001 - English Touring Opera
Perth
2001 - Aix-en-Provence Festival Opera
Edinburgh
2003 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2003 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2003 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2003 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2004 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2004 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2006 - Edinburgh International Festival
Edinburgh
2009 - English Touring Opera
Perth
2009 - Shadwell Opera, University of Cambridge
Roslin, Midlothian
2010 - Shadwell Opera, University of Cambridge
Roslin, Midlothian
2012 - Aberdeen University Opera Society
Aberdeen
2012 - Royal Conservatoire of Scotland
Glasgow
2012 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2012 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2012 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2012 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2012 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2012 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2012 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2012 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh
2013 - Opera Camerata
Edinburgh
2014 - English Touring Opera
Perth
2014 - Aria Alba - Opera for All
Edinburgh
2015 - Edinburgh Studio Opera
Edinburgh
2015 - Komische Oper, Berlin
Edinburgh
2016 - St Andrews Voices
St Andrews
2017 - Ayrshire Opera Experience
Irvine
2017 - Perthshire Opera
Dunkeld
2017 - Fife Opera
Kirkcaldy
2019 - Scottish Opera
Glasgow
2019 - Scottish Opera
Inverness
2019 - Scottish Opera
Aberdeen
2019 - Scottish Opera
Edinburgh

England, UK - 29 entries

Northern Ireland, UK - 4 entries

Music
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (born Salzburg, 27 January 1756; died Vienna, 5 December 1791)

Text
Emanuel Schikaneder.

Source
Story Lulu in a collection of oriental fairy tales, Dschinnistan (1786) by Wieland., and other sources.

Premières
First performance: Vienna (Freihaustheater auf der Wieden), 30 September 1791.
First UK performance: London (His Majesty’s Theatre, Haymarket), 6 June 1811.
First performance in Scotland: Edinburgh (Theatre Royal), 4 March 1869.
Scottish Opera première: Edinburgh (Royal Lyceum Theatre), 20 June 1970.

Background
The Magic Flute was an immediate popular and commercial success. Sadly, Mozart died a few months after the premiere, without being fully aware of the extent to which it had the potential to transform his financial situation as well as establishing the German form of opera he so favoured. While it does not seem to have been enormously popular in the nineteenth century, it has since established itself as one of the most popular works in the repertory. Its combination of the elements of pantomime, morality, and fairy tale enchants audiences of all ages. A first encounter always gives a sense of surprise that the good Queen turns out to be evil and the apparently bad Sarastro turns out to be wise and good.

Main Characters
Tamino, a prince (tenor)
Three Ladies in attendance on the Queen (soprano, mezzo and contralto)
Papageno, a bird-catcher (baritone)
Queen of Night (soprano)
Monostatos (tenor)
Pamina, the Queen’s daughter (soprano)
The Speaker (baritone)
Sarastro (bass)
Papagena (soprano)

Plot Summary
Tamino, pursued by a serpent, faints in terror, but the creature is killed by the three Ladies, who then squabble over the prize and decide to leave him unguarded while they inform the Queen. In their absence, Papageno claims to have killed the serpent, but the returning ladies punish him for lying. They give Tamino a portrait of Pamina, and he falls in love, so when the Queen comes he agrees to her request to rescue her daughter from Sarastro. Tamino is given a magic flute to help him, and Papageno goes too, armed with a set of magic bells. Tamino soon discovers that Sarastro is not evil, but has taken Pamina to stop her being corrupted by her mother. However she is threatened by Sarastro’s servant Monostatos, who is disarmed by Papageno and the magic bells. Tamino has to undergo a series of tests to show that he is worthy to join Sarastro’s brotherhood. One test is that of silence, which he passes, in spite of the fact that Pamina fails to understand, and thinks he no longer loves her. Papageno fails this test, but is content with a simple life – all he wants is a wife. The Queen tries to persuade Pamina to kill Sarastro, but she is foiled, and Pamina is allowed to accompany Tamino through the remaining tests to show they are worthy, though protected by the playing of the flute. Papageno is excused this task, and his magic bells bring him Papagena, his longed-for wife.

The Cast

First Armed Man
 
First Boy
 
First Lady
 in attendance on the Queen
First Priest
 
Fourth Priest
 
Monostatos
 a servant in the Temple
Pamina
 daughter of the Queen of Night
Papagena
 disguised as an old woman
Papageno
 a bird-catcher
Queen of Night
 
Sarastro
 High Priest of Isis and Osiris
Second Armed Man
 
Second Boy
 
Second Lady
 in attendance on the Queen
Second Priest
 
Slave
 
Speaker
 at the Temple
Tamino
 a Prince
Third Boy
 
Third Lady
 in attendance on the Queen
Third Priest
 

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